Investigation into Pre-service Teachers' Perceptions of Distance Education in the Context of Their Future Profession
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The objective of this research is to assess whether the distance education experiences of pre-service teachers currently undergoing higher education differ according to specific variables. These variables relate to the distance education processes instituted following the COVID-19 pandemic and the earthquakes that took place in Maraş and Elbistan on February 6, 2023. The study also endeavors to discern the impact of distance education on pre-service teachers' attitudes toward the teaching profession. Employing a mixed methodology, the research engaged a sample of 300 students from varying departments at Kırşehir Ahi Evran University during the 2022–2023 academic year, all of whom were participating in pedagogical formation courses via distance education. The quantitative data for the research was compiled using the "Pre-service Teachers' Perception of Distance Education Scale" developed by Gündüz (2013). Additionally, qualitative data was gathered from 50 volunteer pre-service teacher students engaged in pedagogical formation education using a semi-structured interview form designed by the researcher. An analysis of pre-service teachers' attitudes toward distance education and their chosen profession was conducted based on data derived from the scale. Quantitative data was processed with SPSS 25, while qualitative data was analyzed via the MAXQDA 2020 program. Quantitative analysis revealed that pre-service teachers' perceptions of distance education did not significantly differ in relation to gender, personal computer ownership, or field of study. However, differences were observed in relation to their internet connection status. Qualitative analysis generated sub-themes under the Distance Education theme, such as the Student in Distance Education and the Features of Distance Education.
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