Volume 7 - Issue 4 (Special Issue)

September 2020

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A Case Study of Peer Tutoring Implementation at University: Investigating the Students’ Difficulties that Were Faced with the Method and the Tutors’ Difficulties in Applying It*

Maria Moumoulidou Kostas Karadimitriou Vassiliki Pliogou
Pages: 1-13

Peer tutoring has been implemented for two academic years (2017 - 18 and 2018 - 19) to a course and the internship of a postgraduate program of the Department of Education Sciences in Early Childhood of the Democritus University of Thrace. Until now fourteen students (eight students and six tutors) have been involved to the method. The purpose of this qualitative study is to research the students’ difficulties that were faced with tutoring and the difficulties of the tutors in applying the method, as well as the ways in which they were dealt with. Therefore, this research helps to highlight the importance of this method for the academic development of undergraduate and postgraduate students of the particular University Department and helps to collect data that could support the further development of the method itself in the Department.

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Secondary School Students' Identity and Citizenship Perceptions

Emine Kasrasu Avcı
Pages: 14-26

The aim of the research is to determine the secondary school students' perceptions of identity and citizenship concepts. The research is designed in a qualitative model. The study group consists of 30 5th, 6th and 7th grade students at a public secondary school in the province of Kastamonu. In the research, 5th, 6th and 7th graders were asked to paint on identity and citizenship concepts and to indicate what they want to tell with the pictures they drew. In the research, the pictures and views of the students were taken through content analysis. Secondary school students drew the picture of identity card for identity concept and pictures of “identity card” and “social values” related to citizenship concept. With the pictures they drew, the students stated that identity is “a document containing personal information” and citizenship means “adopting social values” and “awareness of the individual rights, duty and responsibilities”.

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Teachers’ Opinions on Inclusive Education

Zehra Esra Ketenoğlu Kayabaşı
Pages: 27-36

The aim of this research is to determine the opinions of teachers working in the city of Kastamonu towards inclusive education and to investigate what inclusive education practices are. For this purpose this research was conducted from a qualitative perspective. The study group consists of thirteen teachers from various branches working in the province of Kastamonu. While collecting data, the semi-structured questionnaire form of the correspondence technique, which is one of the qualitative data collection techniques, was used. The questionnaire consists of two parts, including the Personal Information Form and questions related to the purpose of the research. The responses of the participants to the teacher correspondence questionnaire were evaluated in the context of the content and the findings of the study were collected in five dimensions; inclusive education approach, what teachers should do, teacher practices, school policies to be applied and policies to be applied across the country. In the research, it was observed that teachers had a general idea about inclusive education, but they were also associated with the education of people with disabilities. Teachers mostly stated that they provided education according to individual differences. They stated that the physical environment should be regulated in schools and in-service trainings should be provided nationwide.

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Health Promotion Action Plan Can Improve the Level of Physical Activity in Secondary School Teachers

Urška Simnovčič Pišek Miha Marinšek
Pages: 37-42

The aim of this pilot study was to investigate the relationships between health promoting activities and physical activity of secondary school teachers. Forty secondary school teachers took part in the study by completing a questionnaire on health promotion (HPQ) and physical activity (IPAQ). A multiple regression analysis was performed to examine whether health promotion activities predict the level of physical activity of teachers. The results showed that a comprehensively designed, properly implemented and evaluated health promotion action plan sufficiently motivates employees to ensure their good psycho-physical well-being through regular physical activity. The implementation of a health promotion plan can be a long-term investment in the health of employees.

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A Qualitative Research on the Problems and Expectations of Imam Hatip Secondary School Students (The Case of Istanbul Province)

Ahmet KOÇ
Pages: 43-51

Imam Hatip Secondary Schools are the schools in which religious lessons taught selectively in other secondary schools are taught as part of the curriculum. It can be said that the expectations and goals of students who attend these schools and their parents who send their children to these schools differ in comparison to other secondary schools. The aim of this research is to examine the problems of Imam Hatip Secondary School students in school, to learn their expectations and to identify the school of their dreams. The research was carried out through a semi-structured interview form, one of the qualitative research methods. It was held in 2019 at the 13 Imam Hatip Secondary Schools in Istanbul with the participation of 156 students. The research in which the results are given by creating themes; reveals that the students are generally satisfied with their schools, they love the school more to see their friends and participate in the activities. In addition, students have emotional expectations from their teachers and administrators; like showing them more interest and smiling. Students described their dream schools as follows; school uniform is not compulsory, they only attend lessons of interest and have longer break hours. Teachers can have short conversations with their students before starting the lesson. Motivation activities can be held for the lessons students are hesitant about whether they will benefit them in the future. Most importantly, school can be developed in line with students wishes and needs by holding frequent meetings with their.

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Participation in Physical Activity and Social Media Addiction in Students

Ülfet Erbaş Hüseyin Gümüş
Pages: 52-60

The purpose of this research is to examine participation in physical activity and social media addiction among university students. A total of 462 university students from 3 different universities voluntarily participated in the study. In the study, “Motivation Scale for Participation in Physical Activity” and “Facebook addiction scale” were used as a data collection tools. In the study, independent sample t test and one-way ANOVA test were applied for normally distributed data depending on the number of variables. Also correlation analysis and regression analysis were used. According to the simple linear regression analysis conducted to determine the effect of motivation on participation in physical activity on social media addiction, it was determined that the model established was statistically significant (F=70.305; p<0.05) and the ratio of explanation of the dependent variable by the independent variable was R2=0.182. It is determined that the most important factor that motivates students to participate in physical activity is individualistic reasons. Individualistic reasons are followed by environmental and causality factors, respectively. The results of the study show that students' participation in physical activity and social media addiction do not significantly differ in terms of their gender.

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Activities of Social Studies Teachers in Non-governmental Organizations and Perception of Volunteering

Melike Faiz
Pages: 61-72

Volunteering can be stated as activities performed for the benefit of the society regardless of the interests of the people. Such activities are of great importance for the strengthening of the social structure. In this study, the activities of social studies teachers in non-governmental organizations and the perception of volunteering were tried to be determined. In this context, the research was carried out in the phenomenology pattern, which is one of the qualitative research methods. The study group of the study consisted of 38 social studies teachers determined by purposeful sampling method. In the study, the data were collected by structured interview form and analyzed by descriptive analysis method. The results of the research: In the definition of volunteering in the study, the most repeated result is the benefit of society, benevolence, and favorable income without waiting for a financial response. It was concluded that volunteering increases solidarity and empathy and improves unity-togetherness and solidarity. In the study, the reasons for the low rate of volunteerism in Turkey unconsciousness, educational shortcoming is that prejudice and politics intertwined. It was concluded that the most needed volunteering activities should be in the fields of education, environment, children and health.

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Investigation of Happiness Levels of Physical Education and Sports College Students

Mahmut ULUKAN Yunus ŞAHİNLER Baybars Recep EYNUR
Pages: 73-83

The aim of this study; It is the examination of happiness levels of physical education and sports college students studying in Konya, Burdur and Ankara. 229 students, 64.6% female and 35.4% male, participated in the study. In this study; It was used the scale of happiness developed by Hills and Argyle (2002) and adapted to Turkish by Doğan and Çötok (2011). In research statistics; due to the normal distribution of the data, independent samples t-test and ANOVA, which are parametric tests, were used, and personal characteristics, frequency and percentage values were analyzed (α = 0.05). According to the findings obtained from the research; In the comparisons made by gender, a significant difference was found between the groups in favor of female (p<0.05). In the comparison made according to the age variables of physical education and sports college students, a significant difference was found between the groups in favor of the younger students (p<0.05). In the comparison made according to the aims of physical education and sports college students to do sports, a significant difference was found between the groups in favor of those who sport for personal skills and talent (p<0.05). Again, according to the results of the research, a significant difference was found in favor of those who stated that they live healthy between variables of healthy life and happiness levels (p<0.05). However, in the comparisons made according to the social life variables of the students, it was found no significant difference between the groups (p>0.05). As a result, it was determined that the happiness levels of physical education and sports school students were at a medium level..

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The integration of immigrant students in the class-rooms of Torreblanca Secondary School

Mario Ferreras-Listán José Antonio Pineda-Alfonso Mario León-Sánchez Verónica Sevillano-Monje
Pages: 84-95

Thanks to the intercultural training of secondary school teachers, it has been possible to improve the inclusion of immigrant students in school classrooms. Reality shows that greater attention to this type of student by teachers, as well as by other colleagues, considerably improves their academic success. It also favours greater personal development within the socio-environmental context in which they live. The Erasmus + Quammelot project, after planning and executing a specific training course for Secondary Education teachers, includes the results obtained in several Spanish schools, among them the IES Torreblanca. These results have been obtained attending to the personal and academic needs of immigrant students. This work gathers the main results obtained in three of the didactic interventions developed along the eight modules that compose the training of the participating teachers. Throughout these three didactic proposals, information units have been collected referring to the learning of the attitudinal dimension at an initial moment (M1) and at the end of each proposal (M2). After the analysis of the information obtained, it has been possible to verify that the motivation, interest and participation of the students improves notably, regardless of whether or not they are immigrant students.

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Developing the Measurement and Evaluation Attitude Scale for Physical Education and Sports Teachers

Turan BAŞKONUŞ Fikret SOYER
Pages: 96-113

The aim of this study is to develop a scale that measures the attitudes of physical education and sports teachers towards measurement and evaluation. In this study, scale development principles and steps of DeVellis (2017) were used. Initially, a literature review was conducted, 19 physical education and sports teachers were interviewed in written form and focus group discussion were held with 7 teachers. Certain statements were converted into a format that can be used in the scale form and an item-pool of 73 items was created including positive and negative items. Expert opinions were taken for the draft items, corrections were made in the item pool in line with these expert opinions, and the initial form the scale was created including 58 items. This draft scale was applied to 50 physical education and sports teachers. As a result of the pilot implementation, the scale was put into its final draft form with a total of 58 items, 17 of which were negative. As the conclusion of the reliability and validity tests applied to the Measurement and Evaluation Attitude Scale for Physical Education and Sports Teachers, 34 items were removed from the draft scale and the final form of the scale included 4 factors and 24 items with a variance value of 46.545. The Cronbach Alpha reliability coefficient of the scale was calculated as 0.85.

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Metaphorical Perceptions of Fourth-Grade Primary Students towards Mathematics Lesson

Sıtkı ÇEKİRDEKCİ
Pages: 114-131

The aim of this study is to reveal the perceptions of fourth-grade primary students about “mathematics lesson” through metaphors and to investigate whether main categories identified regarding the common characteristics of the metaphors differed by gender. A qualitative research design was employed in the study. The study was carried out in the spring term of the 2018-2019 academic year with the participation of 116 fourth-grade students from three public primary schools in Sinop. The data of the study was obtained by completing the blanks in the sentence ‘Mathematics lesson is like ………………. Because ………………………….’. The students were asked to write down a metaphor about the mathematics lesson in the first blank and to explain the reasons why they wrote this metaphor in the second blank. The data were analyzed by content analysis method in this study. As a result of the study it is found that the fourth-grade students developed 64 different metaphors about mathematics. These metaphors are gathered in 13 subcategories under the main categories of mathematical knowledge, principles of mathematics teaching, mathematical skills, affective characteristic towards mathematics. At most metaphors are developed in the category of affective characteristic towards mathematics.

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The Effect of Mindfulness of Physical Education and Sports Teacher Candidates on Empathic Tendency

Nuri Berk Güngör Serkan Kurtipek Ersan Tolukan
Pages: 132-142

The aim of the study is to determine the effect of mindfulness of physical education and sports teacher candidates on empathic tendency. It was suggested that the mindfulness level of the participants had a positive effect on the empathic tendency. In the research, a theoretical modeling that shows the possible relationships between these variables was created and this model was tested using structural equation modeling. The sample of study consists of 95 female and 115 male participants studying at the department of Physical Education and Sports Teaching of Gazi University Faculty of Sport Sciences in the spring semester of 2019-2020. In this research, easy sampling technique, which is one of the purposeful sampling methods, was used. As data collection tools, “Empathic Tendency Scale” developed by Lawrance, Shaw, Baker, Baron-Cohen and David (2004) and adapted to our language by Kaya and Çolakoğlu (2015) and "Mindfulness Scale", which was developed by Brown and Ryan (2003) and adapted to our language by Özyeven, Arslan, Keser and Deniz (2011), were used. When the results of the structural equation modeling between participants' mindfulness and empathic tendency are examined, it was determined that mindfulness did not affect cognitive empathy and emotional empathy (β1=.13, β2=.09; p>.05), but it positively affected social skill (β3=.15; p<.05). The value of Squared Multiple Correlations (R2) of the modeling shows that 03% of social skills, 008% of emotional response and 018% of cognitive empathy are explained.

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Environmental Issues and Critical Perspectives Mentioned at Public Service Announcements which are Prepared by Primary School Pre-Service Teachers

Hafife Bozdemir Yüzbaşıoğlu
Pages: 143-159

The aim of this study is to determine how primary school pre-service teachers approach environmental issues via public service announcements and their opinions on them. This study was conducted with case survey model. The study group consisted of 34 primary school pre-service teachers. Data were gathered via public service announcements which are prepared by primary school pre-service teachers and structured interview form. For the analysis of the data, descriptive and content analysis was used. It is determined that pre-service teachers addressed mostly environmental issues about wastes. Primary school pre-service teachers’ opinion is it is more effective to raise awareness if individuals see their behaviors’ negative effects and its results on environment on public service announcements. Content which is not definitive does not make sense to primary school pre-service teachers. They appreciate more if the content is more emotional and unique. For this reason in environmental education, it can be recommended that environmental issues should be reviewed with their different aspects during environmental education. Also it can be recommended that there should be different perspectives about this matter and environmental issues should be associated with real life at environmental education.

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The Relationship between Emotional Labor in Sports Organization and the Level of Loneliness in Organizational Life

Ali Kaya Aydın Pekel Özgür Doğan S. Ahmet Keten
Pages: 160-165

The aim of this study is to evaluate the relationship between emotional labor of sports business employees and loneliness levels in organizational life. For the purpose of the study, the universe of the research consists of sports service within the organization of Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality Sport İstanbul employees while the sample is created by volunteer participants who are identified through simple random sampling method (n = 330) In the study which is conducted by applying a relational screening model, the data were collected by using the survey method technique. Personal information form, emotional labor and loneliness scales in business life were applied to the participants. The data obtained were registered to the SPSS 25 package program. Correlation and regression analysis were applied as statistical process. As a result, it was determined that there is a moderate negative relationship between the emotional labor level of the employees of the sports organization and the level of loneliness in organizational life, emotional labor is the predictor of loneliness in organizational life and it explains approximately 21% of the total variance. As the level of meeting the business expectations of the employees in the service delivery increases in demand their experience of loneliness decreases in business life. Therefore, it is realized that emotional labor plays an important role in the level of loneliness in organizational life.

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Evaluation of the use of Fatal Vision Goggles in the Education of Students of Health Sciences in Basic Life Support

Eva Dolenc Damjan Slabe
Pages: 166-171

The harmful use of alcohol is a global problem. Fatal Vision Goggles (FVG) are used within driver education programs in Slovenia for preventing drunk driving. The Faculty of Health Sciences at the University of Ljubljana has also introduced FVG into the education of health care students. The purpose of our research is to evaluate the experience of performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) with FVG among students of health care. The results show that performing CPR with FVG is difficult, especially regarding correctly locating the place of chest compressions. The majority, 42 participants, reported the negative effects of alcohol. Sixteen students stated that they would not perform CPR in this condition. They stated that the experience of performing CPR with FVG is instructive (n = 39), useful (n = 35) and interesting (n = 34). The findings highlight the importance of practical learning exercises using FVG for the readiness to act in a real situation and alcohol drinking prevention.

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The Role of Freedom Perceived in Leisure on Happiness and Mental Well-Being

Ilimdar Yalcin
Pages: 172-179

In this study, it was aimed to determine the effect of the freedom perceived by individuals participating in sportive recreational activities on the level of happiness and mental well-being. The research was conducted by a total of 461 volunteer individuals participating in sporting recreation events in The Eastern Anatolia Region of Turkey. In addition to the personal information form as a data collection tool, "Freedom Perceived in Leisure Scale", “Oxford Happiness Scale" and "Mental Well-Being Scale" were used. Pearson Correlation and Linear Regression analysis were performed using the SPSS package program in the analysis of the data obtained. According to the research findings, it was determined that there was a statistically positive moderate relationship between freedom perceived in leisure and happiness and mental well-being. In addition, it was determined that freedom perceived in leisure predicted happiness level by 15% and mental well-being level by 14%. As a result, it was observed that the freedom that the individuals participating in the study perceive in leisure has made them happy and affect them positively.

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Academic Self-Efficacy Beliefs of Turkish and American Ph.D Students: A Comparative Study

Murat Bayram Yılar
Pages: 180-194

The aim of the research is to comparatively investigate the opinions of students in doctoral education in the USA and Turkey about academic self-efficacy. The research used the basic qualitative research pattern from among qualitative research designs. The study group in the research comprised a total of 32 doctoral students with 16 from Turkey and 16 from the USA. Of these students, 25 were male (78%) and 7 were female (22%). With the aim of determining the participant group, criterion sampling was used from the targeted sampling methods. A semi-structured interview form was used to gather data in the research. For analysis of data, the content analysis technique was used. It has been determined by the results obtained from the study that Turkish and American students have similar goals to attend a Ph.D program in some respect and they have a high level of academic self-efficacy belief (ASEB) in using the relevant terminology and reaching the literature. In addition, it has been determined that Turkish students have a weaker academic self- efficacy belief than American students in respect of using scientific research methods and qualitative and quantitative data analysis techniques.

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An Examination of the Workplace and Out of Workplace Leisure Behaviors of Academic Staff

Umit Dogan Ustun NURULLAH EMİR EKİNCİ AKAY SÜNER BUKET AYDEMİR
Pages: 195-202

This study aimed to examine the workplace and out of workplace leisure behaviors of the academic staff according to age and academic title. The study was designed as a cross-sectional quantitative study. 229 teaching academic staff from Hatay Mustafa Kemal University participated in the research voluntarily. To obtain data, workplace and out of workplace leisure behaviors scales were used. Özçelik initially developed the scales in 2017. The first scale has four factors and 16 items which evaluate workplace leisure activities. The second scale has for factors and 19 items which evaluate out of workplace activities. The data was analyzed with SPSS 22 for Windows. To analyze data first Cronbach’s Alpha was calculated and normality assumptions were checked. One-way ANOVA was used at a 95% confidence level as the hypothesis test. According to analysis results, both workplace and out of workplace leisure behaviors of the academic staff significantly changed according to age and academic title. As a conclusion this study showed that the most inlying workplace leisure activity for the participants was "activities related to non-business reading," and the most distal activity was mental activities. On the other hand, the most inlying out of workplace leisure activity was internet-based activities, and the most distal activity was Society based activities". Besides, these preferences differed significantly according to age and academic title.

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Schools’ Emphasis on Academic Success in TIMSS 2015: the case of Finland, Singapore, and Turkey

Eren Ceylan Mustafa Sever
Pages: 202-212

School climate which is specified to be related with many outcomes of the students includes some of the components in which disciplinary climate in schools was expressed as the dominant one. Safety and order in schools which is strongly related with the physical and emotional security stated as one of the indicator of disciplinary climate in schools. Since the opportunities to focus on learning and teaching are more in safe and disciplined schools, the tendency of placing the academic success to the priority is observed more in these schools. In addition, allocating time to emphasizing on academic success is strongly related with having teaching time that is not interrupted by the basic needs of the students. Moreover, academic pressure which reflect the schools’ emphasis on academic success have been discussed in recent studies with its advantages and disadvantages. In this study, by scrutinizing the TIMSS 2015 data, the association of safety, order and disciplined issues, limitation of teaching by students’ needs, academic pressure, teachers’ gender and education level with the schools’ emphasis on academic success was investigated at 4th grade level in three different countries, Finland, Singapore, and Turkey, respectively. Multiple logistic regression was run to analyze the data. The results revealed that schools’ emphasis on academic success varies across three countries after controlling a group of variables. In addition, the estimated odds ratio for the explanatory variable of “safe, orderly and disciplined school” has the highest value among the explanatory variables for all three countries

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Studying Abroad from the Perspectives of Turkish Graduate Students in the USA

Genç Osman İlhan Şahin Oruç
Pages: 213-223

Studying abroad is a unique experience including social and cultural practices and affects students’ education, life styles, habits and identities. For a better insight about this unique experience, the experiences of students studying abroad need to be analyzed deeply. In this context, this study aims to understand the experiences of eight Turkish graduate students studying in the U.S. The study was designed as a qualitative study and phenomenology was used as a research method. The data of the study was obtained through semi-structured interviews conducted face-to-face by the researcher. All participants finished their undergraduate education in Turkey, and pursue their education in the U.S. with different scholarship and funds. The interviews were recorded with participant consent and the data was analyzed with content analysis technique. The findings reveal educational, social and cultural dimensions of studying abroad experience.

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