Volume 7 - Issue 1

January 2020

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Correlates of College Student Engagement: An Internal Replication

Timothy Daugherty Kristen Hoffner Alexandra Light
Pages: 1-10

Though being behaviorally active in the classroom is associated with attractive outcomes, many college students are disengaged. This study examines potential correlates of classroom engagement. Across two waves of data collection, with the second wave providing an internal replication challenge, three variables were consistently related to active classroom engagement. Higher self-esteem, less texting while driving, and lower externally oriented thinking predicted self-report of classroom engagement. Together, the three variables accounted for sixteen percent of the variance in engagement. Adding a fourth variable, gender, led to twenty percent of the variance in engagement being explained.

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The Influence of Counsellor Trainee Support on Public Speaking and Foreign Language Speaking Anxiety in the Class Setting

Emre Güvendir Oya Onat Sinem Dündar
Pages: 11-26

This mixed methods study examined the influence of cognitive behavioral approach based counsellor trainee support on prospective English teachers’ public speaking anxiety and foreign language speaking anxiety in the class setting. The participants of the study included sixteen third year prospective English teachers studying at Trakya University. Both quantitative and qualitative data analysis revealed that the participants benefited from the counselling procedure. The study aims to trigger more interest on different forms of anxiety experienced by prospective teachers and motivate researchers to design interventions that will psychologically assist prospective teachers in their transition to the teaching profession.

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Testing Multistage Testing Configurations: Post-Hoc vs. Hybrid Simulations

Halil Sari
Pages: 27-37

Due to low cost monte-carlo (MC) simulations have been extensively conducted in the area of educational measurement. However, the results derived from MC studies may not always be generalizable to operational studies. The purpose of this study was to provide a methodological discussion on the other different types of simulation methods, and run post-hoc and hybrid simulations in the multistage testing environment (MST), and to discuss the findings and interpretations derived from each simulation method. The real data collected via paper-pencil administrations from 652 students were used to test different MST design configurations under different test lengths. The levels of test lengths were 24-item, 36-item and 48-item. The five levels of MST designs were 1-2, 1-3, 1-2-2, 1-3-3, 1-4-4 and 1-5-5 design. Both post-hoc and hybrid simulations were run with the same group of students. All analyses were completed in R program. The results indicated that in terms of absolute bias, RMSE and pearson correlations, post-hoc and hybrid simulations generally resulted in comparable outcomes. Regardless of the simulation method, the 1-5-5 MST design was the most recommended design. Another finding was that in all simulations, as the test length increased, the outcomes were better, in general. Advantages and disadvantages of each method, and recommendations for practitioner and limitations for future research were provided in the study.

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An Organizational Factor Predicting School Effectiveness: School Climate

Pages: 38-50

The purpose of this study is to determine whether the school climate affects school effectiveness. For this purpose, quantitative research relational screening model was used in the study. The research was conducted in 2018-2019 academic year and 341 teachers participated voluntarily. In the research, The Organizational Description Climate Scale for Elementary Schools (OCDQ-RE]) developed by Hoy and Tarter (1997) and adapted to Turkish culture by Yılmaz and Altınkurt (2013) was used together with The School Effectiveness Index, which was developed by Hoy (2014) and adapted to Turkish culture by Yıldırım (2015). The data were analyzed by correlation and regression analysis. According to the findings, school climate predicts school effectiveness. The findings were discussed with the results of other researches in the literature and suggestions were made to the administrators and teachers.

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The Relationship between Transformational Leadership and Organizational Intimacy with Mediating Role of Organizational Empathy

Marzi Salari Naser Nastiezaie
Pages: 51-60

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between transformational leadership and organizational intimacy with mediating role of organizational empathy. This study is an applied and correlation research method based on structural equation modeling. 105 teachers of Saravan city were studied by stratified random sampling method. To collect information, three questionnaires were used: transformational leadership, organizational intimacy and organizational empathy. For data analysis the Pearson correlation coefficient and structural equation modeling were used by SPSS and Lisrel software. Based on results the amount of correlation coefficient of transformational leadership with organizational empathy (r=0.459, p<0.01), transformational leadership with organizational intimacy (r=0.580, p<0.01), organizational empathy with organizational intimacy (r=0.516, p<0.01) was significant. The direct effect of transformational leadership on organizational intimacy (β=0.43, t=3.93), direct effect of transformational leadership on organizational empathy (β=0.48, t=4.19) and direct effect of organizational empathy on organizational intimacy (β=0.36, t=3.373) was significant. The indirect effect of transformational leadership on organizational intimacy was also significant with the mediator role of organizational empathy (β=0.172). Therefore, it can be concluded that transformational leadership has a positive and significant relationship, directly and indirectly, through the organizational empathy mediation variable with the organizational intimacy.

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Examination of the Relationship between Adolescents’ Subjective Well-Being and Parenting Styles and Smartphone Addiction by Several Variables.

Pages: 61-75

This research aimed to examine the relationship between adolescents’ subjective well-being and parenting style and smartphone addiction by several variables. The research population was composed of high school students studying in Kocaeli province in the academic year of 2017-2018. The sample was composed of 671 adolescents attending 6 different high schools which were randomly chosen out of this population. 313 (46.6%) of the participants are female, 358 (53.4%) of them are male. It was found in the research that participants’ smartphone addiction levels did not differ statistically and significantly by gender, whether parents were together or divorced, and parental income. A negative significant relationship was found between academic achievement and smartphone addiction. According to the analysis results, as the smartphone usage duration extended, smartphone addiction level increased. The results of the analysis conducted to determine whether smartphone addiction was predicted by adolescents’ subjective well-beings and the parenting styles (acceptance/involvement , psychological autonomy and strictness/supervision) showed that all variables other than parental acceptance were negative significant predictors of smartphone addiction. It was concluded that subjective well-being was the most important predictor of smartphone addiction.

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Investigating the Relationship between Life Satisfaction and Academic Self-Efficacy on College Students’ Organizational Identification

Raşit Çelik Fatih Orçan Fatma Altun
Pages: 76-85

This article explores the relationship between life satisfaction, academic self-efficacy, and organizational identification through a full structural equation model. The data was collected from 255 participants enrolled in different colleges within two universities via the scales of Life Satisfaction, Academic Self-Efficacy, and Organizational Identification. The results show that life satisfaction has direct significant effects on academic self-efficacy and organizational identification. In addition, the study also revealed that there is a significant indirect effect from life satisfaction to organizational identification via academic self-efficacy.

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The Relationship Between Smartphone Addiction and Life Satisfaction: Faculty of Sport Sciences Students

Hale Kula Cihan Ayhan Fikret Soyer Zülbiye Kaçay
Pages: 86-95

The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between smartphone addiction and life satisfaction of sport sciences faculty’ students and to determine whether these parameters differ in terms of various variables. In the study, the Smartphone Addiction Scale, which was developed by Kwon et al. (2013) and adapted to Turkish by Noyan et al. (2015) was applied to determine the level of smartphone addiction of the participants. Life Satisfaction Scale developed by Diener et al. (1985) and adapted to Turkish by Köker (1991) was used to measure the life satisfaction levels of the participants. Conventional sampling method was preferred for sample selection and face-to-face survey method was used for data collection. In the analysis of the obtained data, descriptive statistics, Independent Sample t-test, One-way ANOVA and Pearson Correlation Analysis were used. . A total of 554 volunteers participated in the study: 276 males (49,8 %) and 278 females (50,2%). According to the results of the research, smartphone addiction and life satisfaction parameters differ statistically significant according to various variables. In addition, there was a significant negative correlation between life satisfaction and smartphone addiction. As a result, it was found that life satisfaction levels increased as smartphone addiction levels of participants decreased.

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The Roles of Value Preferences and Cognitive Emotion Regulation Strategies on Prediction of Dating Violence

Pages: 96-107

The aim of this study is to determine in what extends gender, age, relationship status, value preferences and cognitive emotion regulation strategies predict the dating violence. The study group was comprised of 335 university students. Attitudes Towards Dating Violence Scale, Cognitive Emotional Regulation Scale and Values Scale were used in data collection. According to the findings obtained from research, it was found that there were positive significant relationships between gender and social values, career values, intellectual values, spirituality and dating violence. On the other hand, the findings showed that gender and age variables are significant predictors of dating violence. Social values, intellectual values and freedom values positively predict dating violence. Spirituality, human dignity, romantic values and futuwwa negatively predict dating violence. Increasing the importance given to the social values, intellectual values and freedom values increases the attitudes that not supporting dating violence. On the other hand, increasing the importance given to spirituality, human dignity, romantic values and futuwwa decreases the attitudes supporting dating violence. It was found that there was a positive significant relationship between age and materialistic values and negative significant relationship between age and dating violence. Findings support that gender, age, cognitive emotion regulation strategies and value preferences are significant predictors of dating violence.

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Investigation of Prejudice against Obesity in Students of Sports Sciences

Yakup Kılıç
Pages: 108-114

The aim of this study is to reveal prejudice against obesity in students who study sports sciences at the university level in Turkey in terms of different variables. The sample group of the study included 387 randomly chosen students of sports sciences from Bingöl University, Fırat University, Sütçü İmam University and Düzce University. To collect data from the sample, the “Obesity Prejudice Scale” was used. For the data collected, the normality test was conducted to determine whether the “Obesity Prejudice Scale” provided the normality assumption. “Independent Samples t-test”, a parametric test, was conducted to evaluate the level of differentiation in gender, an independent variable. To determine differentiation in variables of grade, university and monthly income, “ANOVA” tests were conducted. The level of statistical significance (α error level) was regarded as p<0.05. It was determined that the sports sciences students’ perceptions of obesity prejudice demonstrated statistically significant differences in terms of the universities (p<0.05). It was also determined that the obesity prejudice of the students did not differ significantly according to their gender, grade and monthly income (p>0.05). In conclusion, it seems impossible to eliminate prejudice against obese individuals, just like any other social problem. Therefore, it was concluded that the problems experienced by obese individuals are not their choices and should be qualified as diseases. Decision-makers can provide education in helping obese individuals by conducting awareness studies and developing social responsibility projects. Obesity can be averted by increasing studies on especially balanced nutrition and physical activity.

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Examination of Psychological Symptom Levels of Physical Education Teachers and Teachers in Different Branches

Ali İlhan BARUT Abdurrahman DEMIR
Pages: 115-123

Purpose of this research is to determine differences between teachers' branches in terms of mental health status according to whether they do regular sports or not. Research was carried out using descriptive scanning model. Research population consist of schools in Turkey affiliated to the Ministry of Education, active working teachers in 2018-2019 education term. The sample consists of teachers working in Şanlıurfa and Mersin. 461 teachers were participated in the study. Easy sampling method was preferred as sampling method. Revised Symptoms Checklist (SCL-90-R) was used to measure psychological symptoms and distress developed by Derogatis. Descriptive statistics and independent samples t test was used to analyze differences between two groups. In terms of branches of teachers, there was a significant difference in all other sub-scales and GSI except HOS sub-scale. It was found that there was a significant difference in favor of teachers doing regular sports in all sub-scales according to which teachers did regular sports regardless of their branch. There was a significant difference between some sub-scales and GSI of other teachers who participated regular sports. There was no significant difference in all sub-scales between all teachers who did regular sports. As a result, GSI score of each participant who declared that they participate in regular sports was lower than those who did not. There were no significant differences in mental health status of the teachers. The difference between individuals was found to be significant compared to whether or not to do regular sports. Sub-scales scores of teachers who participated in regular sports were found to be low.

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The Patriotic Attitudes of The Prospective Teachers

Pages: 124-134

The concept of patriotism can be defined as loving the homeland and making sacrifices for it. From this perspective, it can be said that the concept of patriotism has a function of uniting and integrating the people who live on the same land and gives people an understanding which is proud of its history. Patriotism is also a dynamic concept. Because it is the behavior, consciousness and understanding that we put forward in every moment of life, in every field and in all our actions. It is also the basic condition of being a good and effective citizen. With the impact of globalization and technology, while the world is rapidly becoming a big village, civil wars, migrations, economic crises, hunger, famine and confusion in various continents and countries of the world increase the need for protection of national values and reveal the importance of patriotic education. On the other hand, patriotic education is aimed to be provided to the students who will be the citizens of the future through the education programs in the schools. For this reason, determining the patriotism attitudes of the teachers who will gain the patriotism value to the students is important in determining the deficiencies and taking measures in the acquisition of this value. In this context, the aim of the study was to reveal the pre-service teachers' patriotic attitudes. In the research, screening model which is one of the quantitative research types was used. The study group of the research is composed of Social Studies, Turkish, Science, Mathematics, Primary School and Preschool teachers who are studying in the 3rd and 4th grades of a state university in the fall semester of 2019-2020 academic year. The sample type of the study was determined as purposeful sample. In the study, “Attitude Scale of Patriotism Attitude” which was developed by Schatz, Staub and Lavine (1999) and adapted into Turkish by Yazıcı (2009) was used. As a result, according to the gender of male teachers were more patriotic than famela students. According to the department variable, there is a difference between the department of social studies education and preschool education in the blind patriotism and whole scale scores, in favor of social studies education. There was no significant difference according to family income and class level.

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Examination of the Academic Dissertations Related to the Problems Encountered in Social Studies Teaching: Meta-Synthesis Study

Kamil Uygun
Pages: 135-147

he aim of the research is to examine the postgraduate theses about the problems encountered in social studies teaching with meta-synthesis study. The study was prepared with meta-synthesis design including thematic content analysis based on qualitative research methodology. The data of the master's and doctorate theses were collected from the National Thesis Center of the Council of Higher Education (YOK) via internet connection. The data were searched under the title of problems encountered in social studies teaching. The researches in this study were 28 master and 2 doctoral theses conducted between 2004-2018. The studies included in the research were determined primarily by reviewing the literature. Each of the identified studies was coded as 'A' by shortening 'Research'. A1, A2, A3,…, A30 codes were given and a detailed grading process was passed. All theses examined were primarily coded. Then all the coded data were tabulated for the themes created. The coded theses were tabulated according to the objectives, years, university, thesis type, sample region, model, method, results and suggestions. The frequencies of the theses that were coded into tables were found. The frequencies were interpreted in accordance with the meta-synthesis study. The prominent problems in research are; problems of teaching of the course, problems of program and textbook, problems in teaching of geography subjects and problems encountered in teaching of history subjects. In the research theses, some suggestions are made such as in-service training, tools, equipment and resource support, arrangement of program and textbooks, appropriate course teaching and increasing the hours of the course.

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Turkish as a Foreign Language Learners’ Language Learning Skills Related Problems

Gökçen Göçen Alpaslan Okur
Pages: 148-169

Number of studies on teaching Turkish as a foreign language (TFL) has increased along with the increasing number of foreign students in Turkey. Turkish is intended to be taught more effectively and efficiently through scientific studies and development of the materials that can be used in teaching process. The problems that are encountered in this process form a basis for scientific studies and material development. Detecting such problems enables production of researches on lessening and eliminating the problems, finding solutions, and providing recommendations. In this sense, it is important to detect the problems related to language learning skills in teaching TFL. Therefore, it is aimed to detect the problems of the TFL learners related to language learning skills in this study. For this purpose, the data were collected with a form consisting of open-ended questions and the form was filled in by B1-B2 level learners studying Turkish at Turkish Language Teaching Research and Application Center at Sakarya University. The data were analyzed through content analysis. Learners’ reading, listening, speaking, and writing skills related problems as well as the ones related to learning grammar rules and new words are presented under themes and subthemes as the results of the study.

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Internationalization of Education: From Bologna Process to Orhun Exchange Programme

Sebahattin BALCI Hakan DÜNDAR Yunus Emre GÜRBÜZ
Pages: 170-181

This article aims to introduce the Orhun Exchange Programme implemented by the Turkic Universities Union, and seeks to position it within the broader, historical developments, and it states that the recent trend of internationalization of education is beneficial for the renaissance of the Turkic civilization. In Middle Ages, mobility of students and scholars helped to the formation of the Islamic Golden Age, rise of Turkic civilization on the Silk Road, and then the renaissance and enlightenment in Europe. Recently, the shift of economic and scientific gravity from the West to the East presents new potentials for the Turkic world to turn it into a hub in the increasingly interconnecting world. The Orhun Exchange Programme is a bold step to enable universities of Turkic countries to cooperate in their fields of superiority for a joint development.

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Investigation of the Level of Secondary School Students’ Emotional Intelligence in Terms of Different Variables

Esra Uçak Leyla Yıldırım
Pages: 182-207

According to the existing research, emotional intelligence includes skills that can be developed. In many studies conducted in the literature, it is emphasized that emotional intelligence skills are not stable rather continuously change and develop. In the current study, it is aimed to investigate the level of secondary school students’ emotional intelligence (11-14 years old) in terms of different variables (gender, grade level, parents’ education level, the extent to which their parents care about their feelings, the frequency of reading book, the length of time spent on the phone or computer, person(s) or the environment playing the most important role in the growth of the individual, experiencing difficulty or not in making friends). The current study is designed in the descriptive survey model. The study group is comprised of a total of 920 students (483 females, 437 males) attending different state schools in the city of Denizli in the spring term of the 2018-2019 school year. As the data collection tools, “The BarOn Emotional Intelligence Scale (Child and Adolescent Form) and a “Personal Information Form” were used in the current study. The collected data were analyzed in SPSS 22.0 program package. The data were analyzed by using Multivariate Analysis of Variance (MANOVA). As a result of the research, it was found that secondary school students’ emotional intelligence levels significantly vary depending on the variables such as grade level, the extent to which their parents care about their feelings, the frequency of reading book, the length of time spent on the phone or computer, person(s) or environment playing the most important role in their growth, father’s education level and experiencing difficulty or not in making friends. However, no significant difference was found in the students’ levels of emotional intelligence based on gender and mother’s education level.

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Effect of smartphone addiction on loneliness levels and academic achievement of z generation

İlimdar Yalçın Burhan Özkurt Murat Özmaden Rıfat Yağmur
Pages: 208-214

Smartphones provide users much more than a mobile phone. For this reason, smartphones have become very important in our lives. In this context, the aim of this study was to investigate the effect of smartphone addiction on loneliness levels and academic achievement of Z generation high school students. In 2018-2019 academic year’ spring semester, 490 high school students voluntarily participated to this study. As well as demographic information, Smartphone Addiction Scale and UCLA Loneliness Scale were used. In the analyses of the obtained data, IBM SPSS Statistics 24 was used. The relationship between variables was analyzed using Pearson's Correlation analysis. To determine the effect of smartphone addiction on high school students’ loneliness and academic achievements, linear regression analysis was used. A positive relationship between Z generation high school students' smartphone addiction and right of monthly GB usage for smartphone, daily internet usage duration, and loneliness levels was determined, whereas there was a negative correlation between their academic achievements. Moreover, it was found that smartphone addiction of Z generation high school students predicted their loneliness and academic achievement at the level of ~4% and ~1%, respectively. These results show that high school students should be saved from smartphone addiction. Thus, loneliness levels can be reduced and academic achievement can be increased.

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We would like to inform you that 1st issue of the 7th volume of The International Journal of Psychology and Educational Studies (IJPES) has been published. This journal serves as a platform for presenting and discussing the emerging issues on psychology and education for readers. In this issue, IJPES published has 17 articles. Many thanks to all contributors. We also cordially invite you to read are 1st issue of 2020 IJPES. International Journal of Psychology and Educational Studies (IJPES) is an international, peer-reviewed, non-profit, professional scientific journal. IJPES is a journal that accepts manuscripts related to psychology and educational sciences. The journal is published online three times in a year. The article being submitted should be written in English. IJPES publishes research employing a variety of qualitative and/or quantitative methods and approaches in all areas of the education field and psychology. IJPES welcomes articles from different institutions and countries. IJPES is supported by Educational Researches and Publications Association (ERPA).