The Validity And Reliability Of The Turkish Version Of The Online Counseling And Face-To-Face Counseling Attitudes Scale

Volume 1 - Issue 1
İbrahim Demirci Ali Haydar Şar Abdullah Manap
Pages: 15-22 Download Count : 2859 View Count: 4483 DOI Number 10.17220/ijpes.2014.01.002 Facebook Share on Google+ Save to Zotero Save to Mendeley


The purpose of this study is to examine the validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the Online Counseling Attitudes Scale (OCAS) and Face-to-Face Counseling Attitudes Scale (OCAS) (Rochlen, Beretvas, & Zack, 2004). OCAS and FCAS loaded on four factors and the factors were named Value of Online Counseling (OC-V), Discomfort with Online Counseling (OC-D), Value of Face-to-Face Counseling (FC-V) and Discomfort with Face-to-Face Counseling (FC-D). The results of confirmatory factor analysis indicated that the four dimensional model was well fit (x²=323.61, df=157, p=0.00000, RMSEA=.056, NFI=.94, CFI=.96, IFI=.96, RFI=.92, GFI=.91, and SRMR=.071). Factor loadings ranged from .47 to .88. The internal consistency coefficients of four subscales were .84, .80, .88 and .78. Overall, findings demonstrated that OCAS and FCAS may be used as a valid and reliable instrument in order to assess attitudes toward online counseling and face to face counseling of individuals.


  • Online counselling
  • attitudes
  • validiy
  • reliability
  • scale adaptation
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