The Relationship between Transformational Leadership and Organizational Intimacy with Mediating Role of Organizational Empathy

Volume 7 - Issue 1
Marzi Salari Naser Nastiezaie
Pages: 51-60 Download Count : 43 View Count: 33 DOI Number 10.17220/ijpes.2020.01.005 Facebook Share on Google+ Save to Zotero Save to Mendeley

Abstract:


The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between transformational leadership and organizational intimacy with mediating role of organizational empathy. This study is an applied and correlation research method based on structural equation modeling. 105 teachers of Saravan city were studied by stratified random sampling method. To collect information, three questionnaires were used: transformational leadership, organizational intimacy and organizational empathy. For data analysis the Pearson correlation coefficient and structural equation modeling were used by SPSS and Lisrel software. Based on results the amount of correlation coefficient of transformational leadership with organizational empathy (r=0.459, p<0.01), transformational leadership with organizational intimacy (r=0.580, p<0.01), organizational empathy with organizational intimacy (r=0.516, p<0.01) was significant. The direct effect of transformational leadership on organizational intimacy (β=0.43, t=3.93), direct effect of transformational leadership on organizational empathy (β=0.48, t=4.19) and direct effect of organizational empathy on organizational intimacy (β=0.36, t=3.373) was significant. The indirect effect of transformational leadership on organizational intimacy was also significant with the mediator role of organizational empathy (β=0.172). Therefore, it can be concluded that transformational leadership has a positive and significant relationship, directly and indirectly, through the organizational empathy mediation variable with the organizational intimacy.

Keywords

  • Transformational Leadership
  • Organizational Empathy
  • Organizational Intimacy.
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