Interpretations of the 5 th grade (ages 10-11) Turkish students’ historical knowledge based on historical sources

Volume 7 - Issue 2
Ayten Kiriş Avaroğulları
Pages: 132-141 Download Count : 300 View Count: 381 DOI Number 10.17220/ijpes.2020.02.012 Facebook Share on Google+ Save to Zotero Save to Mendeley


This study aims to determine the ways how the 5th grade (ages 10-11) students interpret historical knowledge based on historical sources. To study this student were given a worksheet containing historical sources and an open-ended question based on the historical sources. The data of this study is collected through one of the answers provided to the question by 150 students in elementary school. The data has been categorized under themes which have been created after study of students answers and related literature. The analysis of data demonstrate that pupils can interpret historical knowledge in the sources. Also it has been found that most of the pupils were able to synthesis their prior knowledge and information in the historical sources presented to them and were able reach personal conclusion. Yet some of the students tend to copy the information as is written on the historical source or respond emotionally. This study supports the idea that 5th grade (ages 10-11) students can read historical written sources and acquire historical information. Also this study gives information to social studies teachers on what consider when they prepare historical task for elementary school. Keywords Teaching history, social studies education, elementary school students, primary sources, historical reading


  • Teaching history
  • social studies education
  • elementary school students
  • primary sources
  • historical reading
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