Development and Validation of the Contextual Achievement Motivation Measure

Volume 6 - Issue 3
Robert Smith Mehmet Akif Karaman
Pages: 16-26 Download Count : 542 View Count: 678 DOI Number 10.17220/ijpes.2019.03.003 Facebook Share on Google+ Save to Zotero Save to Mendeley


This study investigated the factorial validity of the Contextual Achievement Motivation Measure, assessing achievement motivation in multiple settings with a sample of 493 undergraduate and graduate students. Exploratory factor analysis identified a four-factor model: School (6 items), Employment/Work (6 items), Family (5 items), Community (4 items). These factors accounted for approximately 60% of the variance and correlated in the expected directions with a criterion measure, the Adult Hope Scale. Confirmatory factor analysis indicated that the identified four-factor model fit the data, χ2(182)= 348.10, p< .001; χ2/df = 1.91, Tucker-Lewis index (TLI)= .92, comparison fit index (CFI)= .93, root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA) [.058, .080]= .069, and standardized root-mean square residual (SRMR)= .063. In addition, the scale showed partial scalar invariance between genders. Implications, limitations, and suggestions for future research are provided.


  • Contextual achievement motivation measure; achievement motivation in multiple settings; factor analyses; measurement invariance
Download PDF